Irritable bowel syndrome known popularly as IBS is a gastrointestinal(GI) disorder which causes one to have recurrent bouts of abdominal pains occasioned by a drastic change in the bowel movement of the patient.
Although IBS causes abdominal malfunctions which result in pains and discomfort, it doesn`t, however, lead to a more serious disease such as tissue damage or colon cancer.
Women tend to develop more IBS than men, a situation some researchers attributes to hormonal changes in women as lots of women have reported worst symptoms of IBS during some certain stage in their menstrual cycle. This could suggest that the men hormone may have found a way of preventing the symptoms in men.
Statics shows that approximately 65% of women suffer from IBS at some point in their lifetime compare to men’s 35%.
About 15% of the total populations are estimated to experience IBS at some point in their lifetime.
What Are Symptoms Of Irritable Bowel Syndrome, IBS?
IBS symptoms vary from person to person but on a general note, you may have developed IBS if you are having or experiencing the following symptoms especially if they last longer than necessary or if the symptoms appear more often for six months in some cases.
- Abdominal pains and cramping and are often relieved by a bowel movement.
- Excess intestinal gas.
- Bloating and swelling of the gut.
- an occasional change in the bowel movement such as constipation and diarrhea or in some cases both.
- an urgent need to visit the restroom more often occasion by a change in the look of the stools.
- a feeling that you have not completely emptied your bowel hence a longer stay in the toilet in some cases.
- sometimes you may pass mucus only as stools.
There may be other symptoms depending on the type of IBS a person might be experiencing and these symptoms can have a significant effect on the quality of your life.
Types Of IBS.
IBS Could be classified into four groups with varying degree of symptoms.
IBS with Constipation (IBS-C).
Symptoms associated with this type of IBS may be different from other types of IBS and may still vary from person to person.
- This generally comes with constipation occasioned by pains in the stomach, bloating, delay or frequent bowel movement, hard or lumpy stools.
IBSwith Diarrhea (IBS-D).
IBS with Diarrhea comes with its symptoms and the degree may differ from person to person.
- Pains and Discomfort in the Gut occasioned by an urgent need to empty the bowels, abnormal movement of the bowels and watery or loose stools.
Mixed IBS (IBS-M), a mixture of both IBS-C and IBS-D.
- This comes with all the symptoms associated with both IBS with Constipation and IBS with Diarrhea.
Risk Factors Of IBS.
- IBS as a Gastrointestinal Disorder can affect anyone, however, statistics show that people under 45 years have a higher risk of developing IBS than older people.
- Also, it has been shown that women are twice more likely to develop IBS than men, the reason not established yet but some researchers suggest it may have to do with their hormones.
- A family history of IBS also may be a higher risk of developing IBS.
- People who suffer from IBS have symptoms such as diarrhea and constipation and these symptoms could aggravate into hemorrhoid which in turn may cause some other complications.
- Again, some symptoms of IBS may cause food sensitivity thereby making one to avoid certain foods the result of which is not having enough certain nutrients that come from that food you are avoiding and that can cause malnourishment.
- Because of the frequent evacuation of the bowel, it can cause chronic fatigue.
- Another complication that may arise from IBS is severe pain around the pelvic region.
What Are The Causes Of IBS?
Researchers are not sure what causes IBS but it could be a number of factors. SIBO could be one of such factors as it has been established that most people that have IBS also have most of the symptoms associated with SIBO.
Other Factors such as Infection, Genetics, Neurotransmitters, Food sensitivity, mental health problem such as panic, anxiety, depression etc has been listed as possible causes of IBS.
How Is Irritable Bowel Syndrome IBS Treated?
There is no cure yet for IBS and so Doctors may have to manage it with certain medications. You can talk to your doctor about the best medication that will suit you.
Having said that, a number of ways have been employed to manage IBS Symptoms in the past by Doctors including the use of elementary diet, medicines, Probiotics, as well as therapies for mental health problems such as panic, anxiety, and depression.Your Doctors will put you on the right plan that will be suitable.
What IsThe Best Treatment For Irritable Bowel Syndrome?
What is considered as the best treatment may largely depend on the patient and how his/her response to what is been administered.
I also suffer from IBS and my method of treatment is Probiotics. They seem to work very well for me but at first, i had to try so many treatment plans before finally settling for the use of Probiotics.
You may have to try different plans to see which one suits your system, your Doctor can help you do that.
Is There a Cure For Irritable Bowel Syndrome?
Sadly, there is no known for IBS at the moment. Patients may have to live with and manage it.
- National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).